Arundo donax (Giant Reed grass)

Pulang ---> Arundo donax

Arundo donax is a C3 plant that is able to add up to 10 cm to its height everyday (Dudley et al, 2008). It is also one of the most invasive grasses around in riparian ecosystems, able to outcompete both herbaceous and woody vegetation after a fire (Coffman et al, 2010). Like many other widespread grasses, it has a multitude of names, including Giant Reed Grass, Arundo Cane, California Bagpipe Cane, Tube Cane, and Giant Cane.

Researchers found that its dominance and productivity was actually due to its highly active Rubisco enzyme, which is the main enzyme involved in photosynthesis, and which results in the species having a photosynthetic capacity similar to C4 grasses (Weber et al, 2016).

Articles about Arundo donax

Various articles I have written about Arundo donax in the blog Sejarah Poaceae. The site features stories of my adventures among the grasses. It's also a place where I focus on studies of the Poaceae in general, as well as an outlet for some of the photography I do.

Selected Research of Arundo donax (Giant Reed Grass)

Some abstracts and summaries of research papers, segregated by topic and gleaned from the literature. I believe these are important towards understanding this species, and can be used to elucidate their ecology and perhaps find ways to manage this invasive grass.

Videos of Arundo donax (Giant Reed)

Selected videos that focus on the ecology and impacts of Arundo donax in invaded areas.

News about Arundo donax (Giant Reed)

Interesting news articles about the species in the mainstream press.

How to identify Arundo donax (Giant Reed)

Some ways to identify the species. Unlike many other plants, grasses have minute flowers, and their vegetative structures all tend to be...well, grass-like. There are however ways of trying to identify a particular species that might be useful for everyone.


Coffman, G., Ambrose, R., Rundel, P., 2010. Wildfire promotes dominance of invasive giant reed (Arundo donax) in riparian ecosystems. Biol. Invasions 12, 2723-2734.

Dudley, T.L., A.M. Lambert, A. Kirk, and Y. Tamagawa. 2008. Herbivores of Arundo donax in California. Pages 146-152 in Proceedings of the XII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Webster R, Driever S, Kromdijk J, McGrath J, Leakey A, Siebke K, Demetriades-Shah T, Bonnage S, Peloe T, Lawson T, & Long S.. High C3 photosynthetic capacity and high intrinsic water use efficiency underlies the high productivity of the bioenergy grass Arundo donax, Scientific Reports (2016).

Penulis: A. Sunjian